What are the trends in Part II crimes in West Hollywood?
In a prior report on West Hollywood crime trends, we found that property crime was increasing while violent crime was declining. That analysis was based on “Part I” crimes such as aggravated assault and grand theft. They are more serious and commonly reported crimes.
In this report, we’ll examine Part II crimes, which are less serious and/or less commonly reported. Examples include non-aggravated assault, vandalism, and drug crimes.
Number of Part II crimes
There were about 1,400 reported Part II crimes in West Hollywood in the first half of 2018. That works out to eight a day. For comparison, there were over 1,100 Part I crimes in the same period. About 1,000 of those were property crimes, the rest were violent crimes.
The chart below shows the Part I and II trends over the last few years. The number of Part II crimes has been up and down and up, but the overall trend is up. The number increased almost 25% over three years. Visually, the Part II crime trend seems similar to Part I property crime trend, but property crimes actually grew about 45% over this period.
Types of Part II crimes
In West Hollywood, the single biggest type of Part II crime involves vehicle laws. Those crimes are a quarter of the Part II total or two per day. The next biggest categories are non-aggravated assault (12%), narcotics (11%) and vandalism (9%). Four types of crime are each around 5% of the total: fraud, drunkenness, non-aggravated domestic assault, and drunk driving.
If we combine the numbers for Part I and Part II crimes, the most common are petty theft and vehicle law crimes, both roughly 15% of the total. Vehicle burglary is next at 9%. Non-aggravated assault, grand theft, and narcotics are all around 6% of the total. Vandalism is next at 5%.
Aggravated assaults declined about 25% in the last three years. Those are Part I crimes. However, an increase in reported Part II assaults more than offset that decline. The total number of reported assaults grew almost 50% over three years. We do not know how much is due to more reporting versus more crimes committed. The biggest increases were in the first half of 2016 and the first half of 2018.
The Part II assaults include non-aggravated assault and non-aggravated domestic assault. Reported non-aggravated assault grew by about 70% over three years. The number of non-aggravated domestic assaults increased 175%, from 28 in the first half of 2015 to 77 in the first half of 2018. Most of the jump happened in the second half of 2015 and the first half of 2016. It makes us wonder if there was a change in reporting.
The combined number of reported rapes (Part I), other felony sex offenses (Part II), and misdemeanor sex offenses (Part II) tripled between the first half of 2015 and the first half of 2018. The number went from two per month to more than six per month.
Over half of the increase was concentrated in 2015. The number doubled between the first and second halves of 2015. The rest of the growth has happened since then. Most of the increase was in rapes and misdemeanor sex offenses.
The number of reported narcotics crimes appears to vary widely among six-month periods. We assume this reflects enforcement differences rather than big changes in use of illegal drugs. In the last two fiscal years (FY2017 and FY2018), there were about 300 reported narcotics crimes per year.
The number of reported drunk driving crimes declined by two-thirds between the first half of 2015 and the second half of 2017, from 65 in six months to 22. However, the number jumped back up to 70 in the first half of 2018. We don’t know how much of the surge is due to increased drunk driving versus increased enforcement.
Other Part II crimes
We picked out some highlights among the other Part II crimes:
- The number of vehicle law crimes declined from about 400 in the first half of 2015 to 330 in the second half of 2017, then rose up to about 380 in the first half of 2018
- There were between 120 and 160 reported vandalism crimes in each six-month period since the first half of 2015, with no clear trend
- Fraud and forgery grew a bit faster than the total and there were over 200 of these crimes reported in FY2018
- The number of reported weapon law crimes has doubled over three years, totaling 40 in FY2018
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